What is the difference between a worker bee and a drone bee?
Worker bees are females and are the smallest bees and make up the majority of the colony’s population. Typically, there are 40,000-60,000 worker bees that perform all colony duties within the hive, search for nectar and pollen, produce wax and honey, feed the young, and protect the hive against enemies. Drones are males and are larger than the worker bees with big buggy eyes that help them navigate mating activity in flight. There are only a few hundred drones in each colony and they serve only one purpose: to mate with virgin honey bee queens. Soon after mating, drones die.
Honey bee queens control the sex of their offspring by determining whether a particular egg is fertilized or not. Unfertilized eggs become drones; fertilized eggs develop into female workers and queens.